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BUDDHIST DICTIONARY

-Q-

questions and answers: pahā-byākarana (q.v.).

-R-

radiant gods: ābhassara; cf. deva.

rāga: 'lust', 'greed', is a synonym of lobha (s. mūla), tanhā (q.v.) and abhijjhā (s. kammapatha). For kāma-, rūpa-, arūpa-rāga, s. samyojana.

rāga-carita: the 'greedy-natured'; s. carita.

rapture: pīti (q.v.); further s. bojjhanga.

reaction, sense-: s. patigha.

ready-wit: s. patisambhidā.

reality: s. paramattha. - Vision and knowledge according to r.- s. vipassanā 15.

realization: For theory, practice and r., s. pariyatti.

rebirth: s. patisandhi, paticcasamuppāda (3,10), karma, punabbhava.

receptive consciousness: sampaticchana-citta (s. viānakicca).

recollectons: s. anussati.

red-kasina exercise: s. kasina.

reflecting contemplation: patisankhānupassanā (s. vipassanā, 17).

reflection, power of: patisankhāna-bala (q.v.).

reflex-perceptions: s. patigha (2a).

refuge-formula, the 3-fold: ti-sarana (q.v.).

regenerating process: upapatti-bhava (s. bhava).

regenerative karma: janaka-kamma (s. karma).

registering consciousness: tadārammana-citta (s. viāna-kicca).

relative truth: cf. puggala, paramattha-sacca, desanā, anattā, satta.

remembrance, of former existences: s. abhiā 4.

remorse: kukkucca (q.v.).

repetition: āsevana-paccaya, is one of the 24 conditions (paccaya, q.v.).

repression, overcoming by: vikkhambhana-pahāna (s. pahāna).

repugnance: patigha (q.v.).

resistance-perceptions: s. patigha (2a).

restlessness: uddhacca (q.v.).

retrospective knowledge: paccavekkhana-āna (q.v.).

reversible merit: patti-dāna (q.v.).

right understanding (or r. view), r. thought, etc.: s. magga.

rise and fall (of phenomena): the knowledge consisting in the contemplation of r. and f., s. visuddhi VI, 1.

round of rebirth: s. vatta (2), samsāra. - The 3-fold r. of r. (s. vatta, 1).

rukkha mulik'anga: s. dhutanga.

rules and ritual, clinging to mere: (s. samyojana, upādāna).

ruminating-natured: vitakka-carita (s. carita).

rūpa: (1) corporeality (s. khandha 1); (2) visual object (s. āyatana); (3) fine-material (s. avacara, jhāna).

rūpa-jjhāna: s. jhāna.

rūpa-kalāpa: 'corporeal group', material unit, designates a combination of several physical phenomena constituting a temporary unity. Thus, for instance, the so-called 'dead matter' forms the most primitive group, consisting only of 8 physical phenomena, called the 'pure eightfold unit' or 'octad' (suddhatthakakalāpa), to wit: the 4 elements (the solid, fluid, heat, motion); colour, smell, taste, nutriment (pathavī, āpo, tejo, vāyo; vanna, gandha, rasa, ojā). In Vis.M, and elsewhere, it is also called ojatthamaka-kalāpa, 'the octad with nutriment as the 8th factor'.

The simplest form of living matter is the '9-fold vitality unit' or 'life-ennead' (jīvita-navaka-kalāpa), formed by adding 'vitality' to the octad. Seven decades, or units of ten (dasaka-kalāpa), are formed by adding to the 9-fold unit one of the following corporeal phenomena: heart (physical seat of mind), sex, eye, ear, nose, tongue or body. - See Vis.M XVIII, 4; Compendium of Buddhist Philosophy (PTS), p. 164, 250; Atthasālini Tr., II, 413f.

rūpa-kāya: 'body-group', as distinguished from nāma-kāya, 'mind-group' (q.v.). See nāma-rūpa.

rūpa-kkhandha: 'corporeality group'; s. khandha (1).

rūpa loka: 'fine-material world'; s. loka.

rūpārammana: 'visual object', designates the external of visual physical phenomenon ('light wave') that forms the base consciousness. Cf. āyatana (2).

rūpa-rūpa = nipphanna-rūpa (q.v.).

rūpāvacara: s. avacara.

rūpāyatana: s. āyatana (2).


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